What are the different diabetes types?

There are generally three types of diabetes. They are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 is also called insulin dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes. This happens when the body cannot make enough insulin to sustain itself and insulin has to be administered externally. It often surfaces at a young age already.

Type 2 mainly occurs when the body cannot channel the insulin it has properly, the body is said to be insulin resistant with high circulating insulin levels. Additionally, the production of insulin by the pancreas may also be deficient, at which point, insulin replacement is needed. This type usually affects older individuals, but increasingly, young, obese people are developing type 2 diabetes worldwide and makes up 90% of all diabetes.

Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition that is highly probable during pregnancy, even in women who did not have diabetes before.  This is, amongst other factors, due to the hormonal and metabolic changes that pregnant women are subject to. When it happens, it also increases the risk of the mother or baby becoming diabetic afterwards. Studies show this happens in ±14% of pregnancies. Do not go untested!

There are various types of tests that can be performed to determine the diabetes type. Click here to speak to us now or to arrange an appointment for diabetes screening or diagnostic tests.

Clinics & Services

We have three strategically located clinics in Joburg & surrounds and a full range of specialist diabetes services.

Pregnancy and Diabetes

Why every pregnant woman should take note of diabetes and what precautions should be taken.